Nihad Rizk Wadih Haddad, known by the artistic name Fairuz, and in Arabic, means the Holy Stone.
She was born on November 21, 1935 and is a Lebanese singer and singer. She was born in Beirut. With her late husband Assi Rahbani and his brother Mansour Rahbani, known as the Rahbani brothers, she presented many operas and songs of up to 800 songs, her voice was called the moon’s voice, and she was called the neighbor of the moon
She started singing when she was about six years old in 1940 AD, when she joined the Lebanese radio choir and when Halim Roumi knew her, he called her Fayrouz and composed some songs for her after he saw in her a talent for great and a great future and met with wide popularity in the Arab world, the Middle East and many countries of the world.
Fayrouz is one of the oldest artists in the world who continues to this day, and among the best Arab voices and the greatest singers of the world
She began her artwork in 1940, as a singer on the Lebanese radio station, when her music sound, Mohamed Fleifel, was discovered and included by his team, which was singing national songs. Halim Roumi, director of the Lebanese Radio, composed her first to her.
Fayrouz was a serious start in 1952 when she started singing the tunes of musician Assi Rahbani, whom she married three years after this date, and gave birth to four children from him. And the songs she sang at that time filled all radio channels and began to become popular in the Arab world since that time. Most of her songs at the time were by the Asi and Mansour Rahbani brothers, who are always referred to as the Rahbani brothers.
Fayrouz’s cooperation with the Rahbani brothers formed a new stage in Arab music, when Western and oriental styles and Lebanese colors were mixed in music and singing. The voice of Fayrouz and his paper helped to move to new areas, at a time when the pattern was long songs, but Fairuz provided short songs.
With the Rahbani brothers and their younger brother, Elias, they presented hundreds of songs that revolutionized Arabic music because they were distinguished by the short duration and strength of meaning, unlike the prevailing Arabic songs of the time. Moreover, Fayrouz’s songs were simple to express with the depth of the musical idea and the diversity of topics; she sang for love and children, and Jerusalem for her adherence to the Palestinian cause, and for sorrow, joy, motherland and mother
A large number of Fayrouz songs were presented in a group of plays, numbering fifteen plays composed and composed by the Rahbani brothers. The topics of the plays varied between criticizing the ruler and the people, glorifying heroism and love of all kinds.